How Turkey Derails the Financial World

We led off  yesterday with the Turkey story…

…and Friday’s tweet from Donald J Trump:

I have just authorized a doubling of Tariffs on Steel and Aluminium with respect to Turkey as their currency, the Turkish Lira, slides rapidly downward against our very strong Dollar! Aluminium will now be 20% and Steel 50%. Our relations with Turkey are not good at this time!

Even for Trump, the tweet is shocking.

Rarely have we seen confusion, misunderstanding, and claptrap so densely packed.


Pins and bubbles

As far as we know, no president — on his own say-so — has ever targeted imports based on the currency markets.

First, because he lacks the authority to do so — he can only impose tariffs to protect national security.

Second, because it makes no sense. The whole idea behind the trade war was that US exporters were being treated unfairly. No one accuses Turkey of intentionally sabotaging its own currency to gain a trade advantage.

An alternative hypothesis is that the Trump team is merely responding to Turkey’s refusal to release US pastor Andrew Brunson. But that explanation is even more outlandish.

Why would the US president have an opinion on the conduct of the Turkish justice system? And why — even if he thought the Turks were treating Brunson roughly — would the remedy involve forcing American consumers and producers to pay more for Turkish metal products?

But pins and bubbles have to get together somehow, somewhere, sometime.

As near as we can make out, the two are aiming for each other — in Anatolia. The US president is merely helping them to get together.


Out of nowhere

Let us begin with an update from The New York Times:

‘[Turkey’s] economy has been weakening. At the same time, Turkey’s authoritarian president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, has been seizing greater control over the country’s economic policy. He appointed his son-in-law as finance minister. He has made a series of pronouncements that undercut the independence of the country’s central bank, railing against the prospect of high interest rates.

Lower interest rates tend to stoke growth — as well as inflation. And Turkey is already dealing with inflation running near an annual rate of 16 percent.

Foreign investors are scared. They have been pulling money out of the country. In practice, that means that they sell lira and buy dollars or other currencies. The result is that the value of the lira has plunged. And that has the potential to upend the Turkish economy and financial system.

Who would have thought that Turkey, a country that most patriots regard as a sh*thole, would bring down the entire bubble system?

It wouldn’t have occurred to us, either. But the bubble is big. The pin is little. Often, it comes ‘out of nowhere.’ Then, when you finally notice, you realise that it was there all along.

And it is not an isolated, fluky kind of pin.

Instead, there’s a whole cluster of them, all protruding out of the same cushion. And that cushion is marked: Cheap Money.


Bubble system

Total world debt is around $250 trillion. But world GDP is only about $90 trillion. Typically, an economy can only carry debt equal to about 150% of GDP.

By that measure, the world has about $115 trillion too much debt — spread all over the planet. Inevitably, one of the debtors is bound to blow up.

But let us give more of the backstory…to put this contretemps into a deeper context:

On 16 July 2016, while Turkish president Recep Erdoğan was on vacation in Marmara, a group of military officers decided to launch a coup d’état.

But organising and carrying out a military operation — even with ‘buy-ins’ from everyone…and in broad daylight — isn’t easy.

At night, clandestinely, when you don’t know who you can trust and who you can’t, it becomes very difficult to pull off.

Nor had the people been properly prepared. A coup must be done swiftly.

The plotters must quickly seize control of the police, army, and media.

Then, by 6 am, they must be ready to announce that they are in full control of the government and are restoring the honour and dignity of the homeland…blah…blah…


Bungled operation

And so it was that the operation was bungled. Helicopters carried assassins to kill the Turkish president at his vacation spot.

But by then, he had already been tipped off and was on his way back to the capital. And on the streets, the masses — broadly supported by loyalists in the military — were already gaining the upper hand.

Even before the sun rose over the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople, plotters were on a helicopter headed to exile in Greece. And instead of hearing the announcement of a fait accompli from the rebels, the Turks heard the voice of Erdoğan himself, promising to get even.

And the person he was most eager to get even with was Fethullah Gülen of Saylorsburg, Pennsylvania. Gülen is a Turkish preacher and founder of a political movement in Turkey. It’s estimated that there might be six million Turks who follow ‘Gülenism’.

Erdoğan accused Gülen of organising the coup attempt. The Turkish government asked the US to extradite him back to Istanbul to stand trial. He remains in Pennsylvania.

Meanwhile, the aforementioned Andrew Brunson has been held in Turkey for nearly two years on similar sedition charges. The US has tried to get him released.

Both countries drag their feet — which is part of the reason ‘our relations with Turkey are not good at this time’.

And in both countries, the chief executives grow bolder, more powerful, more demanding, and more capable of really making a mess of things.



We put our ear to the track…wondering when this train will derail. For Turkey is not the only country that has a debt problem.

On Monday, in an effort to break the fall of its peso, Argentina increased its key lending rate to 45%, the highest in the world. Then, this morning, it says it will spend $500 million to support the peso.

Both countries were victims of the world’s cheap-money regime. They could borrow more than they should have. And now, with key central banks tightening up, yields rising in the US, and their own currencies falling, they are having a very hard time paying it back.

In Turkey’s case, investors are worried…fleeing the lira for fear of being trapped in a burning hotel.

They know that President Erdoğan could block the exits. As a conservative Muslim, he is against interest rates of any sort. And as a strongman leader, like our own ‘low interest’ guy in the White House, he aims to keep the cash flowing.

And so, the bigger picture comes into view. It has nothing to do with unfair trade by Turkey…and everything to do with an unfair money system, created and directed by the United States of America.

Turkey owes nearly half a trillion dollars in foreign debt. As the lira goes down, the dollar goes up, making it harder to pay.

Most likely, Erdoğan will impose capital controls, which will be deeply upsetting to the entire global financial system.

Lenders will panic, realising that their collateral — locked behind walls erected by a strongman leader — may be worthless. And the trust on which the whole bubble financial system depends will vanish.

The moneymen will look to the East…to India…and rush to fetch back their funds.

They will look West too…to Greece and Italy…and wonder about their investments there.

And finally, they will look to New York…and see another bulge in the great bubble: US stocks, particularly the high-flying techs. ‘Weren’t they bid up by the same cheap money?’ they will ask themselves.

And then…the whole shebang may come crashing down.


Bill Bonner



Since founding Agora Inc. in 1979, Bill Bonner has found success and garnered camaraderie in numerous communities and industries. A man of many talents, his entrepreneurial savvy, unique writings, philanthropic undertakings, and preservationist activities have all been recognized and awarded by some of America’s most respected authorities. Along with Addison Wiggin, his friend and colleague, Bill has written two New York Times best-selling books, Financial Reckoning Day and Empire of Debt. Both works have been critically acclaimed internationally. With political journalist Lila Rajiva, he wrote his third New York Times best-selling book, Mobs, Messiahs and Markets, which offers concrete advice on how to avoid the public spectacle of modern finance.

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